How do you calculate liquid volume?

How do you calculate liquid volume?

The volume of a container is the amount of space it encloses; or how much space is inside of it. For a box, the volume is determined simply by this formula: A box with height H, width W and length L, has volume V = L × W × H.

What is the instrument used to measure liquid volume?

graduated cylinder

What is the instrument used to measure weight?

weight scales

How can I measure 1 ml at home?

How to Convert Metric Measurements to U.S. Measurements

  1. 0.5 ml = ⅛ teaspoon.
  2. 1 ml = ¼ teaspoon.
  3. 2 ml = ½ teaspoon.
  4. 5 ml = 1 teaspoon.
  5. 15 ml = 1 tablespoon.
  6. 25 ml = 2 tablespoons.
  7. 50 ml = 2 fluid ounces = ¼ cup.
  8. 75 ml = 3 fluid ounces = ⅓ cup.

How do you measure liquids accurately?

Measure Wet Ingredients by Volume The most accurate measurement of a liquid ingredient like milk, water or oil is in terms of its volume, which is measured in fluid ounces. The volume of any liquid will take up an equal amount of space as the volume of any other liquid.

How do you measure liquid reagents?

Weighing Reactants and Reagents

  1. Weigh an empty syringe, fill the syringe (start by assuming the density is 1g/mL), and weigh again.
  2. Measure the density of the liquid by weighing a known volume and doing the appropriate division.
  3. For small amounts of viscous liquids, weigh an empty pipette, dip the tip in the substance, and weigh again.

How does a burette look like?

A burette is a graduated glass tube with a tap at one end, for delivering known volumes of a liquid, especially in titrations. It is a long, graduated glass tube, with a stopcock at its lower end and a tapered capillary tube at the stopcock’s outlet. A volumetric burette delivers measured volumes of liquid. …

How is a burette accurate?

10 mL burettes are usually graduated each 0.05 mL, while 25 mL and 50 mL burettes are usually graduated each 0.1 mL. That means that 50 mL burettes have the highest resolution. 0.050 mL out of 50 mL is 0.1%, and that’s about maximum precision that we can get from volume measurement when using burette.

When should you read a Buret?

Reading the Buret Get your eye level with the bottom of the meniscus. Looking up or down on the meniscus will cause a parallax error. Read the buret to the nearest 0.01 mL. The marks occur every 0.1 mL, so the last number will have to be an estimate.

What must you remember not to do when filling a burette?

make sure the jet space in the burette is filled with the solution and air bubbles are removed. If the jet space in the burette is not filled properly prior to commencing the titration it will lead to errors if it then fills during the titration, leading to a larger than expected titre reading.

What solution usually goes in the burette?

The burette is calibrated to show volume to the nearest 0.001 cm3. It is filled with a solution of strong acid (or base) of known concentration. Small increments are added from the burette until, at the end point, one drop changes the indicator color permanently.

Why do we rinse burette with solution?

Due to the fact, that all burettes are made of glass, it can absorb and remain water on the surface, because of the polarity of the glass and intermolecular forces. Thus, you have to rinse the burette with a solution which must be filled in it, because distilled water change the concentration of the initial solution.

How do you reduce error in a titration?

Reducing uncertainties in a titration Replacing measuring cylinders with pipettes or burettes which have lower apparatus uncertainty will lower the error. To reduce the uncertainty in a burette reading it is necessary to make the titre a larger volume.

Why is distilled water used in this experiment?

Distilled water has no impurities; hence it eliminates the sources of any contamination and gives accuracy to an experiment. Distilled water is also used to know if actually a chemical reaction takes place or not.

Why is it important to clamp the burette vertically?

So that drops of solution from the funnel do not drip into the burette, affecting the volume of solution. Why is it important to clamp the burette vertically? To allow the liquid level to be read correctly. Why is it important to have the part below the burette tap full?

When filling the burette Why must the solution fill the tip of the burette below the burette tap and contain no air bubbles?

Also the space would get filled up by titrant as the titration progressed but it would appear in our calculations as that amount of titrant had been added to the analyte which it was actually not.So a bubble in the nozzle of a buret will produce an inaccurate volume reading if the bubble escapes during a titration.

Why does an air bubble increase the final burette reading of a rough titration?

If an air bubble exits the tip during a titration that volume of air will be registered as some of the volume of titrant that left the buret. This means that the volume of liquid delivered thru the tip will not be the amount calculated by subtracting the final buret reading from the initial buret reading.

Why should the burette not be completely filled?

3. The buret tip is not filled at the start of the titration. This would lead to first reading (or first few) displaying a much lower change in pH based on the mL of NaOH added, because the first few mL of NaOH added would really be the air bubbles escaping from the tip of the burett.

Why are the side of the Buret tapped after filling it?

This is a waste of time, as all volumes delivered by a buret are determined from the difference between initial and final readings. Close the stopcock, tap the buret sides gently, and allow the liquid to stand for a few minutes to clear gas bubbles dissolved in the liquid.