In what stage of mitosis is the cell labeled B?
9AP Chapter 12 – The Cell Cycle (Detailed)
|The plant cell labeled A is in the ____ phase of mitosis.,||anaphase p236,|
|The plant cell labeled B is in ____.,||telophase p236,|
|The plant cell labeled C is in ____.,||interphase p236,|
|The plant cell labeled D is in ____.,||prophase p236,|
What happens in the cell cycle?
The cell cycle is a four-stage process in which the cell increases in size (gap 1, or G1, stage), copies its DNA (synthesis, or S, stage), prepares to divide (gap 2, or G2, stage), and divides (mitosis, or M, stage). The stages G1, S, and G2 make up interphase, which accounts for the span between cell divisions.
What happens to a cell when it divides?
When cells divide, they make new cells. A single cell divides to make two cells and these two cells then divide to make four cells, and so on. We call this process “cell division” and “cell reproduction,” because new cells are formed when old cells divide. The ability of cells to divide is unique for living organisms.
What is cell cycle with diagram?
A cell cycle is a series of events that takes place in a cell as it grows and divides. A cell spends most of its time in what is called interphase, and during this time it grows, replicates its chromosomes, and prepares for cell division. The cell then leaves interphase, undergoes mitosis, and completes its division.
Who discovered the cell cycle?
Howard and Pelc were the first to ascribe a timeframe to cellular life and they proposed the existence of four periods in the cell cycle: a period of cell division, the pre-S-phase (called G1), the S-phase (a period of DNA synthesis) and period G2, or the pre-mitotic period. The concept of the cell cycle was born.
What is it called when a cell divides?
Mitosis is a process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells that occurs when a parent cell divides to produce two identical daughter cells. During cell division, mitosis refers specifically to the separation of the duplicated genetic material carried in the nucleus.
What will happen if mitosis will go wrong?
If the process of mitosis goes wrong, it usually happens in a middle phase of mitosis called metaphase, in which the chromosomes move to the center of the cell and align in an area called the metaphase plate. These mutations can lead to harmful results such as cell death, organic disease or cancer.
What causes bad chromosome?
Abnormal chromosomes most often happen as a result of an error during cell division. Chromosome abnormalities often happen due to one or more of these: Errors during dividing of sex cells (meiosis) Errors during dividing of other cells (mitosis)
Can a female have XY chromosome?
The X and Y chromosomes are called “sex chromosomes” because they contribute to how a person’s sex develops. Most males have XY chromosomes and most women have XX chromosomes. But there are girls and women who have XY chromosomes. This can happen, for example, when a girl has androgen insensitivity syndrome.