What are the 3 states of matter and give an example of each?

What are the 3 states of matter and give an example of each?

Key Points

  • Matter can exist in one of three main states: solid, liquid, or gas.
  • Solid matter is composed of tightly packed particles.
  • Liquid matter is made of more loosely packed particles.
  • Gaseous matter is composed of particles packed so loosely that it has neither a defined shape nor a defined volume.

What are 10 properties of matter?

The properties of matter include any traits that can be measured, such as an object’s density, color, mass, volume, length, malleability, melting point, hardness, odor, temperature, and more.

What is the scientific name for water?


What is the scientific name of human?

Homo sapiens

What is the scientific name of oxygen?

At standard temperature and pressure, oxygen is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas with the molecular formula O. , referred to as dioxygen. As dioxygen, two oxygen atoms are chemically bound to each other.

What is the other name for water?

What is another word for water?

aqua H20
H2O liquid
rain rainwater
saliva seawater
tears aqua pura

What is another word for pure water?

•distilled water (noun) pure waters, distilled-water.

What is water slang for?

“Water” is the street name for a cigarette or marijuana joint dipped in liquid PCP, a hallucinogen also known as phencyclidine, or in embalming fluid laced with PCP.

What is the chemical term for water?

Dihydrogen monoxide is a name for the water molecule, which comprises two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom.

What are chemical properties of water?

We have seen the physical and chemical properties of water and understood its importance….Hydrolysis reaction.

Chemical formula H2O
Molar mass 33) g/mol
Odour None
Density Solid: 0.9167 g/ml at 0 °C Liquid: 0.961893 g/mL at 95 °C 0.9970474 g/mL at 25 °C 0.9998396 g/mL at 0 °C

What is the chemical name for ammonia?


What are the properties of ammonia?

Ammonia is a colourless gas with a characteristically pungent smell. It is lighter than air, its density being 0.589 times that of air. It is easily liquefied due to the strong hydrogen bonding between molecules; the liquid boils at −33.3 °C (−27.94 °F), and freezes to white crystals at −77.7 °C (−107.86 °F).

What are the 3 states of matter and give an example of each?

Key Takeaways: Examples of Solids, Liquids, and Gases

  • The three main states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas. Plasma is the fourth state of matter.
  • A solid has a defined shape and volume. A common example is ice.
  • A liquid has a defined volume, but can change state.
  • A gas has neither a defined shape nor volume.

What are the three properties of solid liquid and gas?

solid: Has a definite shape and volume. liquid: Has a definite volume, but take the shape of the container. gas: Has no definite shape or volume. change of state: When matter is converted from one of the three states (example: solid, liquid, or gas) to another state.

What are the three important states of matter and why they are so essential to the environment?

Solids, liquids and gases are three states of matter. In solids, the particles are tightly packed together. In liquids, the particles have more movement, while in gases, they are spread out. Particles in chemistry can be atoms, ions or molecules.

Who discovered the 3 states of matter?

The ancient Greeks were the first to identify three classes (what we now call states) of matter based on their observations of water.

Is Blue fire a plasma?

The bottom line is that a flame only becomes a plasma if it gets hot enough. Flames at lower temperatures do not contain enough ionization to become a plasma. On the other hand, a higher-temperature flame does indeed contain enough freed electrons and ions to act as a plasma.

Is the sun a plasma?

Our sun is essentially a big ball of hot plasma — an energetic state of matter made up of ionized gas. As the sun spins, the plasma spins along, too. This plasma movement in the core of the sun produces a magnetic field that fills the solar atmosphere.

Is dark matter a plasma?

Dark matter might be in the form of a dark plasma in the Milky Way halo. Specifically, we consider here a hidden sector consisting of a light `dark electron’ and a much heavier `dark proton’, each charged under an unbroken U(1)’ gauge symmetry.

What color is space?


How dark is space?

Above the Earth’s atmosphere, outer space dims even further, fading to an inky pitch-black. And yet even there, space isn’t absolutely black. The universe has a suffused feeble glimmer from innumerable distant stars and galaxies. This artist’s illustration shows NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft in the outer solar system.

Can you see the sun from space?

Far and away the brightest object in the sky, the sun is easy to find, but it’s so bright that one can’t look directly at it without vision damage. Unlike most satellites, which orbit the Earth, SOHO orbits around the sun itself, like a planet or comet.

Can you see a fart in space?

Although, as you can see, the undersuit has a distinct layered seal around the neck. Therefore, the fart will not be smelled by the astronaut, although they may marinate in it for a time.

Can you touch a star in space?

4 Answers. Surprisingly, yes, for some of them. Small, old stars can be at room temperature ex: WISE 1828+2650, so you could touch the surface without getting burned. Any star you can see in the sky with the naked eye, however, would be hot enough to destroy your body instantaneously if you came anywhere near them.

Can we touch rainbow?

We could touch rainbows if they were physical objects. But rainbows, unfortunately, are not physical objects. In short, you can touch someone else’s rainbow, but not your own. A rainbow is light reflecting and refracting off water particles in the air, such as rain or mist.

How many galaxies are there?

125 billion

What shape is an irregular galaxy?

An irregular galaxy is a galaxy that does not have a distinct regular shape, unlike a spiral or an elliptical galaxy. Irregular galaxies do not fall into any of the regular classes of the Hubble sequence, and they are often chaotic in appearance, with neither a nuclear bulge nor any trace of spiral arm structure.

Which galaxy is the biggest?

IC 1101

Is IC 1101 a spiral galaxy?

IC 1101 is a supergiant elliptical galaxy at the center of the Abell 2029 galaxy cluster and is one of the largest known galaxies. Its halo extends about 600 kiloparsecs (2 million light-years) from its core, and it has a total of about 100 trillion stars.

Which is biggest galaxy or universe?

Galaxies come in many sizes. The Milky Way is big, but some galaxies, like our Andromeda Galaxy neighbor, are much larger. The universe is all of the galaxies – billions of them!

What is the largest thing in the universe?

The largest known ‘object’ in the Universe is the Hercules-Corona Borealis Great Wall. This is a ‘galactic filament’, a vast cluster of galaxies bound together by gravity, and it’s estimated to be about 10 billion light-years across!