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## What are the assumptions of the Michaelis-Menten equation?

Three assumptions are implicit in Michaelis-Menten kinetics: the steady-state approximation, the free ligand approximation and the rapid equilibrium approximation.

Steady state occurs when the rate of formation and breakdown of the intermediate are equal. The steady state assumption relies on the fact that both the formation of the intermediate from reactants and the formation of products from the intermediate have rates much higher than their corresponding reverse reactions.

## What is the rapid equilibrium assumption?

Rapid Equilibrium Assumption: – enzyme E (macromolecule) and substrate S (ligand) concentrations can be determined using the dissociation constant since E, S, and ES are in rapid equilibrium, as we previously used in our derivation of the equations for facilitated transport.

## How does the Michaelis-Menten equation explain why the rate of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction is proportional to the amount of enzyme?

How does the Michaelis-Menten equation explain why the rate of an enzyme-catalyzed reaction is proportional to the amount of enzyme? In the M-M equation above Vmax = k2Eo. In the experiment of Vo vs Eo, So is held constant so all other terms, So, Km, are constant. So Vo = constant Eo or Vo is proportional to Eo.

## Does Michaelis constant have units?

12.3. 3 Michaelis–Menten Kinetics. where rA is the volumetric rate of reaction with respect to reactant A, CA is the concentration of A, vmax is the maximum rate of reaction, and Km is the Michaelis constant. Typical units for vmax are mol m−3 s−1; typical units for Km are mol m−3.

## What is the Michaelis Menten curve?

Michaelis–Menten saturation curve for an enzyme reaction showing the relation between the substrate concentration and reaction rate.

## Is Michaelis-Menten vs Lineweaver Burk more accurate?

For instance; Lineweaver-Burke plot, the most favoured plot by researchers, has two distinct advantages over the Michaelis-Menten plot, in that it gives a more accurate estimate of Vmax and more accurate information about inhibition. It increases the precision by linearizing the data.

## How do you plot a Michaelis-Menten graph?

Plotting the Michaelis-Menten Curve Label the y ax- sec/micro-mole of V or velocity of reaction. Insert different values of [S] into the Michaelis-Menten equation, along with the values found for Km and Vmax, to solve for V. Plot the values for [S] on the x-axis and the corresponding solved values for V on the y-axis.

## What does a Michaelis Menten plot show?

Explanation: In a classic Michaelis-Menten graph, the y-axis represents reaction rate and the x-axis represents substrate concentration. At low substrate concentrations, the reaction rate increases sharply. When a high concentration of substrate is present, all of the enzymes in solution are busy.

## Can km be negative?

Km can never be a negative number because Km denotes the concentration of an enzyme substrate at 1/2 Vmax of enzyme activity.

## How do you plot a double reciprocal in Excel?

Click the “Insert” menu. Click “Scatter,” Click “Scatter with Smooth Lines and Markers,” the top-right graph option. A double-reciprocal plot will appear.

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## What are the assumptions of the Michaelis Menten equation?

Three assumptions are implicit in Michaelis-Menten kinetics: the steady-state approximation, the free ligand approximation and the rapid equilibrium approximation.

## Is Michaelis Menten first order?

The reaction is first-order kinetics. This means that the rate is equal to the maximum velocity and is independent of the substrate concentration. From the Michaelis Menten Kinetic equation, we have many different ways to find Km and Vmax such as the Lineweaver-Burk plot, Hanes-Woolf plot, and Eadie-Hofstee plot, etc.

## What is the steady state assumption?

The steady state assumption was proposed by George Briggs and John Haldane in 1924. In this assumption, the concentrations of the intermediates of a reaction remain the same even when the concentrations of starting materials and products are changing. In other words, steady state assumes that k1>>k-1 and k2>>k-2.

## What is the Michaelis Menten equation define all parameters?

In a cell, the product is needed for a subsequent reaction, so the reaction may not reach equilibrium. What is the Michaelis-Menten equation? Define all parameters. V0 = Vmax(S/(S + KM))

## How do you use the Michaelis-Menten equation?

The Michaelis-Menten equation arises from the general equation for an enzymatic reaction: E + S ↔ ES ↔ E + P, where E is the enzyme, S is the substrate, ES is the enzyme-substrate complex, and P is the product.

## Why is the Michaelis-Menten equation important?

The Michaelis-Menten equation has been used to predict the rate of product formation in enzymatic reactions for more than a century. As substrate concentrations increase, a tipping point can be reached where an increase in the unbinding rate results in an increase, rather than a decrease, of the reaction rate.

## What are the effects of inhibitors on the Michaelis-Menten equation?

So from the final rate expression, you can see that the impact of a competitive inhibitor is to alter the Michaelis constant KM such that the enzyme would appear to have a lower affinity for the substrate (higher KM = lower affinity). This makes sense, since the inhibitor is binding to the same site as the substrate.

## How do you plot Michaelis-Menten?

Plotting the Michaelis-Menten Curve Label the y ax- sec/micro-mole of V or velocity of reaction. Insert different values of [S] into the Michaelis-Menten equation, along with the values found for Km and Vmax, to solve for V. Plot the values for [S] on the x-axis and the corresponding solved values for V on the y-axis.

## What are the units of Km and Vmax?

KM is a the concentration substrate required to approach the maximum reaction velocity – if [S]>>Km then Vo will be close to Vmax. KM is a concentration. It will have units of: (M),or ( M),etc. liter liter KM depends only on the structure of the enzyme and is independent of enzyme concentration.

## What is the Vmax?

The maximal velocity of the reaction (or maximal rate) Vmax is the rate attained when the enzyme sites are saturated with substrate, i.e. when the substrate concentration is much higher than the KM. Examples: Q8W1X2, Q9V2Z6. The Vmax value depends on environmental conditions, such as pH, temperature and ionic strength.

## Do enzymes act better under acidic or alkaline pH?

In general, an enzyme has an optimum pH. Although most enzymes remain high activity in the pH range between 6 and 8, some specific enzymes work well only in extremely acidic (i.e. pH <5.0) or alkaline (i.e. pH >9.0) conditions.

## What happens if an enzyme is too acidic or basic?

Enzymes work best within specific temperature and pH ranges, and sub-optimal conditions can cause an enzyme to lose its ability to bind to a substrate. pH: Each enzyme has an optimum pH range. Changing the pH outside of this range will slow enzyme activity. Extreme pH values can cause enzymes to denature.

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