What are the lines above and below the equator called?

What are the lines above and below the equator called?

Latitude is the measurement of distance north or south of the Equator. It is measured with 180 imaginary lines that form circles around the Earth east-west, parallel to the Equator. These lines are known as parallels.

What is the line below the equator?

Four of the most significant imaginary lines running across the surface of Earth are the equator, the Tropic of Cancer, the Tropic of Capricorn, and the prime meridian.

Does Latitude run north and south?

Lines of latitude run North-South, while lines of longitude run East-West. Lines of latitude and lines of longitude both run North-South. Lines of latitude run East-West, while lines of longitude run North-South.

Where do the parallels measure direction from?

Parallels Are Lines of Latitude The first parallel is the equator. It is latitude 0. Latitude measures distance north and south from the Equator. Parallels are lines that circle the globe.

What two hemispheres do we live in?

The only continent in all four hemispheres is Africa. What hemispheres do we live in? We live in North America, so we live in the Northern and Western Hemispheres.

Do I live in northern or southern hemisphere?

All locations on Earth that are north of the equator are in​ the Northern Hemisphere. This includes all of North America and Europe along with most of Asia, northern South America, and northern Africa. All points on Earth that are south of the equator are in the Southern Hemisphere.

What countries are below the equator?

The Southern Hemisphere is the half of the Earth south of the Equator, and it contains at least part of five continents, four oceans, and several islands….List of Countries Located Completely in the Southern Hemisphere.

Rank Countries in the Southern Hemisphere
1 Angola
2 Argentina
3 Australia
4 Bolivia

Which country does not lie on the equator?

The landmasses of Maldives and Kiribati, however, do not touch the equator itself.

Are countries below the equator hotter?

Why is it hotter at the equator than it is at the poles? a. Because the equator is closer to the sun. Because the sun’s rays hit the earth’s surface at a higher angle at the equator.

Do countries on the equator have seasons?

Equatorial Climates Even during the rest of the year, equatorial regions often experience a hot climate with little seasonal variation. As a result, many equatorial cultures recognize two seasons—wet and dry.

What country has no daylight?

The Polar Night of Svalbard is significantly darker: absent even indirect sunlight, with no change in light to mark the passage of a 24-hour time span.

Which country has the longest day in the world?

Summer and Winter Solstices in Iceland Iceland’s longest day of the year (the summer solstice) is around the 21st of June.

Which country has 24 hours darkness?


Which country has longest night?


  • Welcome Argentina.
  • Corredor Austral.
  • Tourism in Tierra del Fuego.
  • Ushuaia.
  • Tours and Activities.
  • The Longest Night in the World.

Does Finland have 24 hours of daylight?

Sunshine. Because in the north the sun is above the horizon in the middle of summer for a long time, it is possible to enjoy sunlight on clear days for 18 – 19 hours in southern Finland and 24 hours in Lapland.

Which country has the shortest daylight hours?


What is the sunniest city on earth?


What country has the shortest people?

East Timor

What country has the most hours of darkness?

northern Finland

Which city has the longest day?

Kolkata has the longest day in the month of June. Over the course of June in Kolkata, the length of the day is essentially constant. The shortest day of the month is June 1, with 13 hours, 25 minutes of daylight and the longest day is June 21, with 13 hours, 31 minutes of daylight.

What is the least sunniest place on earth?

Aswan (Egypt) “The least sunny city in the world is in Norway and spends 6 months a year in the dark..”

Why does Alaska never get dark?

In Alaska, the sun travels in a slanting 360 degree circle in the sky, so even if it’s below the horizon, it’s barely below it for a long period. This means that even though the sun isn’t visible, we still receive very bright twilight that can last for hours or until the sun rises again.