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2021-06-17

What is the reaction of base with phenolphthalein?

What is the reaction of base with phenolphthalein?

Phenolphthalein is often used as an indicator in acid–base titrations. For this application, it turns colorless in acidic solutions and pink in basic solutions.

Why does the pink color of phenolphthalein fade away?

Phenolphthalein is an acid/base indicator. It is colorless when it is an acid and pink when it is a base. When enough carbonic acid is formed it neutralizes the lime water, which is a base and makes the solution an acid. Therefore with the phenolphthalein, the color disappears in the now acidic solution.

What is the color of phenolphthalein in a neutral solution?

Other indicators

Indicator Acidic Neutral
Methyl orange Red Yellow
Phenolphthalein Colourless Colourless

What Colour does methyl orange turn in a neutral solution?

yellow

What does a pink color with phenolphthalein solution indicate?

Phenolphthalein, an acid-base indicator used to test the pH of a solution, turns pink due to the presence of a weak base. If the pH of the solution is 8.2 or above, the number of anions increases, causing the solution to turn pink.

Why does Naoh turn pink when phenolphthalein is added?

Explanation: When the sodium hydroxide, which is a base, is mixed with phenolphthalein, it turns pink. When the base is neutralized by the acid, citric acid, which is present in lemons, the pink solution turns colorless.

Why do we take base in burette?

If we take acid in an burette solution, it should be properly opened, closed during the end point of reaction. In case of base in burette solution, it less reactable due to high pH and doesn’t cause more problems… This is the reason to take acid in an conical flask and base in an burette.

What is the solution in the burette called?

titrant

Why you have to do a titration at least twice?

Since you know how much standard you have used and its concentration you can work out the concentration of the unknown sample. Remember you should always repeat whole process at least 3 times to ensure you have an accurate result, as there is the potential for both random and systematic errors to affect your results.

Why is titration done 3 times?

A titration is repeated at least three times in order to provide a statistically valid answer. It’s a form of volumetric analysis to uncover the concentration of a substance, and the readings should all be within a very small number of units of one another.

How can you improve the accuracy of a titration?

Acid Base Titration Sources of Error Improvements

  1. Check the calibration of the balance.
  2. Verify that the primary standard is properly dried.
  3. Verify the precision of the glassware.
  4. Use sufficient quantities of analyte and titrant.
  5. Realize the limitations of the equipment.

How do you know when a titration is complete?

Swirl the flask of analyte while adding titrant from the buret. (The analyte is the chemical you are testing in the titration, while the titrant is the standard you are adding.) Once the solution begins to change color and the new color persists for at least 30 seconds, you have reached the end point of your titration.

How do you know when a neutralization reaction is complete?

neutralization, chemical reaction, according to the Arrhenius theory of acids and bases, in which a water solution of acid is mixed with a water solution of base to form a salt and water; this reaction is complete only if the resulting solution has neither acidic nor basic properties.

Why is starch solution added only at the end of titration?

In iodometry the starch is added only after the color due to triiodide has begun to fade, i.e., near the endpoint, because starch can be destroyed in the presence of excess triiodide. iodide in acid solution to yield triiodide, which is subsequently titrated with the standardized thiosulfate solution.

When titration is complete what two things are equal?

In a titration, it is where the moles of titrant equal the moles of solution of unknown concentration. The acid to base ratio is not necessarily 1:1, but must be determined using the balanced chemical equation.

How do you find equivalence?

To calculate molar equivalents for each reagent, divide the moles of that reagent by the moles of the limiting reagent: Note that the molar equivalency of sodium benzoate is 1. This is because sodium benzoate is the limiting reagent. Any reagents used in excess will have a molar equivalency greater than one.