Why is NaOH not a suitable primary standard?

Why is NaOH not a suitable primary standard?

Similarly, alkali hydroxides such as sodium hydroxide are unsuitable for use as primary standards because they absorb moisture and carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

What is a standard solution Why is a standard solution necessary for titration?

You use a standard solution to determine the concentration of the analyte during a titration. A standard solution is a solution containing a precisely known concentration of a primary standard. A primary standard should be a solid with a known formula and a purity of 99.98 %.

Why is it difficult to obtain an accurate mass of sodium hydroxide?

Solutions of sodium hydroxide are virtually impossible to prepare to a precise molar concentration because the substance is hygroscopic. In fact, solid NaOH absorbs so much moisture from the air that a measured sample of the compound is never 100% NaOH.

What happens if NaOH is exposed to air?

NaOH (sodium hydroxide), when exposed to the air, will react with the carbon dioxide in air, to form sodium carbonate (see equation). This means that sodium hydroxide as a solid or in solution will loose its strength with time and degree of exposure and solutions of NaOH will need to be standardised.

Why Oxalic acid is known as primary standard solution?

A primary standard is some substance such as oxalic acid which can be precisely weighed out in pure form, so that the number of moles present can be accurately determined from the measured weight and the known molar mass. Secondary standards can also be prepared by titration against a primary standard solution.

Why is HCl a secondary standard?

Hydrochloric acid (HCl) solutions as a secondary standard A HCl solution is used as it can be prepared accurately and is quite stable. Because of this stability it is called a secondary standard. Even more accurate and stable standards are called primary standards.

What is the difference between primary standard and secondary standard?

Primary standards are reagents that can involve in chemical reactions. These compounds are often used to determine the unknown concentration of a solution that can undergo a chemical reaction with the primary standard. A secondary standard solution is a solution that is made specifically for a certain analysis.

What are secondary standards?

▶ Secondary standard is a chemical that has been. standardized against a primary standard for use in a. specific analysis. Secondary standards are commonly used to calibrate analytical methods. ▶ A secondary standard is a substance which may be used.

Why do we use Khp instead of HCl to standardize the NaOH solution?

KHP has the benefit of being a stable solid with well know properties, which means if you have a precise/accurate balance you can get very good numbers on the concentration of your NaOH solution. Once you had a good calibration for your dilute HCl you could use that to calibrate your NaOH.

What does it mean to standardize NaOH?

Standardization is the process of determining the exact concentration (molarity) of a solution. In the first standardization the molarity of a sodium hydroxide solution (NaOH) will be determined by titrating a sample of potassium acid phthalate (KHP; HKC8H4O4) with the NaOH.

What is standardization and why is it important?

The standards ensure that goods or services produced in a specific industry come with consistent quality and are equivalent to other comparable products or services in the same industry. Standardization also helps in ensuring the safety, interoperability, and compatibility of goods produced.

What is the purpose of standardization?

The goal of standardization is to enforce a level of consistency or uniformity to certain practices or operations within the selected environment. An example of standardization would be the generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) to which all companies listed on U.S. stock exchanges must adhere.

What is the reaction between KHP and NaOH?

A commonly used primary standard for titration with sodium hydroxide solution is the weak acid potassium hydrogen phthalate or KHP (C8H5O4K). In this reaction as well, one mole of KHP completely reacts with one mole of NaOH. The titration of NaOH with KHP involves adding NaOH from the burette to a known volume of KHP.

What is the reaction that takes place between KHP and NaOH?

The reaction between KHP and NaOH is shown by the balanced equation KHC8H4O4 + NaOH = NaKC8H4O4 + H2O. KHP stands for potassium hydrogen phthalate, which has the chemical formula KHC8H4O4. When KHP and NaOH combine, a positive hydrogen ion leaves the KHC8H4O4 and a negative hydrogen atom leaves the NaOH.